Libraries and fan-fiction

June 8, 2009 at 4:46 pm (1)

This is really just the beginning of a discussion.

What I know/suspect is that there are legal issues that could bog down any proposed program in this area in a mire so deep that it would never see the light of day.  However, I am fully open to the idea that many people follow that old adage “it’s easier to ask for forgiveness than permission,” and so a program may simply arise, purely out of ignorance of the larger legal logisitics.

Also, people are writing large quantities of fan-fiction already, and it needs to be examined by an impartial third party for its historic, literary, and cultural merit – fan-fiction as a movement is as important to the history of literature and culture as the works that inspire it, simply because it exists and because it is massive.  That’s before any discussion of the merit of the content of any individual work.  As far as the merit of content goes, its not like libraries are critics who decide what should be read – our collections contain masses of books that I would never read because I think they’re garbage, but I’m not going to stop other people from reading them, and I’d be plenty ticked off if a library stopped collecting something the people like to read simply because the selectors don’t think it worthy.

Thoughts on history – A lot of legitimate fiction is ‘fan fiction’ in that fans of a work or genre write new works, and the inspiration is clear in the pages.  The Wheel Of Time draws deep from the well of The Lord Of The Rings and also I suspect, from Dune.  Rowling was hardly the first author to imagine a boy wizard going off to wizard school and fighting evil wizards.

I love the books on how to draw famous characters – how to draw Spiderman, how to draw Garfield, how to draw the Simpsons.  Here are books that encourage fans to mimic and recreate and make fan versions of their stories – and probably discourage them from letting those drawings and stories ever see the light of day, because the images are copyrighted and trademarked, etc.

Comics is a whole different area of fan fiction – i imagine, and i’d like to hear from comics artists, that most comics artists today started out drawing comics full of their favorite characters from their favorite comics.  Then they moved on to crafting stories inspired by their favorite stuff, and eventually came to “original” stories down the road a stretch.  The evolution might have taken one day, or ten years.

Lets not forget parody.

More than that, think about Star Wars and Star Trek – these have full-on publishing models dependant on fan fiction – dozens of books are published under these banners every year, written by different authors.  Did they write the books first and try to get them published afterwards?  If they wrote them first, would they be considered fan-fiction, and therefore in the grey area of the law, until the publisher and rights owner decided that it could be added to the canon?

An article that got me started thinking about this whole thing was written by Cory Doctorow about two years ago:  http://www.locusmag.com/Features/2007/05/cory-doctorow-in-praise-of-fanfic.html

Also.  I was thinking about the espresso book machines, and the incredible possibility inherent in them.  http://www.ondemandbooks.com/home.htm granted, the intent of this machine is to print on demand works from a subscribed database, but really its just a big, fancy printer, and it takes documents and prints them and binds them in a few minutes.  The intent is to provide a print version of a book the library does not have available in its collection, or of a book that is too rare or fragile to lend.  But what if it could print documents direct from the Net?  Fan-fic writers type up their stories and design a cool cover, convert it all to pdf, upload it to scribd or someplace, send it to the espresso book machine, and all of a sudden they’ve got a vanity press version of their book.  There have been vanity presses around for time immemorial, but the espresso book machine takes the cost way down, and reduces the minimum print run to 1.  Or even zero.  Because it draws from a digital database.  So a person could print out their own fan-fic, sure, and tell their friends where they can get their own copy.

This is all highly speculative.  I’ll let it go at that for now.  But trust me, it’s something I’m thinking about.

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Skybrary

June 8, 2009 at 3:56 pm (1) ()

Someday, maybe I can be a skybrarian. Although a quick Google of the word “skybrary” reveals that its the name is already taken for SKYbrary, a reference portal for aviation safety knowledge. And I can’t call it a skibrary, because that might imply its a single point of reference for skiing. Since all it is is an idea at this point, I’ll stick with “sky-brary” and no offense meant to aviation safety.

Alright – I figured I’d just start this here as a place to put it. I’ve heard the term “skybrary” tossed around a couple times, and I’m sure plenty of librarians have considered the possibilities and difficulties of libraries in airports. I figured I’d just add my thoughts to the mix.

Basic impetus for a library presence in airports: People travel a lot. On airplanes. People sometimes read on airplanes – books, magazines, whatever. People who travel a lot are involved in business. Business people sometimes need up-to-date information, articles, reports, etc. Everyone who travels has the potential to need information at some point in their journey.

Problems with putting libraries in airports: Staffing – how much staffing, how many hours, at what level? Logistics – materials go out, but will they come back? Who’s in charge?

Ideas for solving problems:

You know those vending machines in mcdonalds with 1 dollar movie rentals? In China there’s a version of that type of setup that libraries use – the machines hold several hundred books that patrons can browse through and check out with their card. It also has the ability to hold books for people. People can return books to the machine also. Staff need only maintain the machine, restock it daily, put out holds, pick up returns. Article: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-04/08/content_7942201.htm

Put one of these in the 50 most trafficked airports in the US, ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busiest_airports_in_the_United_States_by_total_passenger_boardings ) staffed by local libraries, but funded through a national organization that organizes the whole thing. Books checked out from one machine could be turned in at another, or potentially at any public library, where they would be treated like an Interlibrary loan, and returned to the parent org. Holds would be more difficult to deal with, but at the start, holds would be fulfilled by the local library, treated like an ILL. Turned in anywhere, returned like an ILL, with the overarching national org as the authority if something comes back damaged, etc.

Next level: Start adding espresso book machines – two machines, side by side, would take up about as much space as a newspaper stand. Placed in a relatively centered location, it could be accessible to people on their way to their concourse, or to people with connecting flights. What’s the espresso book machine? Right – it’s a print on demand machine that prints and binds a book in several minutes. The books come from a database. Article: http://www.ondemandbooks.com/home.htm

Places like the Internet Archive have tons of scanned public domain books. Gutenberg.org has tons of plain text books, as well as audio recordings of books. Databases hold tons of articles, book chapters, etc. Materials under a certain page count would be printed from a normal computer printer. Over a page number, and they’re treated like books, and printed and bound for easier transport.

The Skybrary Card – people sign up for it just like a library card. Get access to services from all skybraries. Lost/damaged materials a billed in the normal way. Too many lost/damaged, and the card is blocked until they’re paid for, etc.

Upgrades to the system – databases, free wifi, timed internet access terminal separate from the catalog selection terminal. e-book downloads, audiobook downloads, music and movie downloads, or even add the 1 dollar movie rental machine to the mix, but free with their skybrary card.

Could some services be available to all for a fee, and free for skybrary card holders?

How would the skybrary be funded? Through a non-profit organization, or as a federal program?

That’s all I’ve got on this so far.

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